4.74– ‘So That French Guy walks in a Bar in Oslo’ & learns not to ‘Take Life lightly’. A tale to inspire by @JeanWadier …”

4.74

You may find ‘So That French Guy walks in a Bar in Oslo’ & learns not to ‘Take Life lightly’. A tale to inspire by @JeanWadier

on:

Retweeted by The Gleaner

Ink Sweat & Tears@InkSweatTearsMar 1

or if you don’t want to scroll down IS&T page –here it is:

we find it appropriate to include it n our 4.74 Blog 🙂

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‘So That French Guy walks in a Bar in Oslo’ & learns not to ‘Take Life lightly’. A tale to inspire by @JeanWadier on http://www.inksweatandtears.co.uk

So That French Guy walks in a Bar in Oslo

That year, I decided to stay in Stavanger on the West Coast of Norway, as I had heard a lot of good things about the City –especially from Isioma Daniel, the journalist .

And, let’s face it: Norway is a very expensive country. You can take your…

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# ASTERISQUE 70+ Media : Nos Blogs et Nos Sources +3 =”The Hill “, “La Montagne “,” Osservatore Romano” …

List of Media we follow

Avatar

La Montagne

http://www.lamontagne.fr/accueil.html

The Hill – covering Congress, Politics, Political Campaigns and Capitol …

L’Osservatore Romano

Nous publions et re-publions cette liste régulièrement 🙂

This list is posted every now and then; as we mostly reproduce articles from those sources –as our readers well know 🙂

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(La Meilleure Liste est postée le 16 Février ** et pour des raisons techniques et pratiques -c’est celle que nous gardons …) Nous ajoutons 3 Media:

**[see link hereunder]

+

Astérisque –La Lettre de la Scam

http://www.scam.fr/fr/Accueil.aspx

La Chronique –Amnesty International

http://www.amnesty.fr/

http://www.amnesty.fr/node/7596

Consom Action –Le Magazine des Biocoops

http://www.biocoop.fr/consom-action/consom-action-n-65

Consom’action

Consom’action, le magazine du réseau Biocoop dans votre magasin tous les 2 mois.

Septembre / Octobre 2012

Consom’action N°65

<!–

  • L’Édito Biocoop
  • Actualités du mois
  • Le dossier du mois
  • En résumé

–>À découvrir ou redécouvrir : la boulette…

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#Now — ” Hike while you can ” …

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#1984 — “La vérité est moche, et accablante. Il n’y a pas de consolation”

“There’s a line I’ve been using since, which is that in Ireland we know not to become a monster in order to defeat a monster.”

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Robert McLiam Wilson et les attentats de Paris: “La vérité est moche, et accablante. Il n’y a pas de consolation”

17/11/2015 | 16h00
Cœur-Main © Annette Messager pour Les Inrockuptibles
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+ U2 Quote
 ” In Ireland, we know not to become a monster to defeat a monster … “

Bono

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Photo

The members of U2 at a memorial near the scene of the Bataclan theater in Paris.Credit Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images

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(Have you kept up with the political response to the attacks?)

“There’s a line I’ve been using since, which is that in Ireland we know not to become a monster in order to defeat a monster.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/06/arts/music/u2-preaching-defiance-heads-back-to-paris.html?_r=0

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 “Tel est désormais votre monde. Le nouveau maintenant. Mais ne vous inquiétez pas. Vous vous habituerez.

Grandi à Belfast sous le…

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#Macron –“Dix Livres sur Macron ” (à lire dans les années qui viennent)

to better understand Whats going on

Cent JoursPourMacron

[under construction ]
Ce que doit faire le (prochain) président–Broché– 11 janvier 2017

de Agnès Verdier-Molinié(Auteur)


« Les Coulisses d’une victoire » : la présidence Macron, saison 1, épisode 1
En savoir plus sur http://www.lemonde.fr/election-presidentielle-2017/article/2017/05/09/les-coulisses-d-une-victoire-la-presidence-macron-saison-1-episode-1_5124684_4854003.html#GZUUb7r5RHG0lxM3.99

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La Journaliste politique Anne Fulda, écrit notamment pour le Figaro. Dernièrement, elle a publié un ouvrage intitulé Emmanuel Macron, un jeune homme si parfait, aux éditions Plon.

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Title: Macron, l’ invité surprise

Author:François-Xavier Bourmaud

Format: Epub

Date published: April 5, 2017

Publisher:Archipel

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L’irrésistible ascensionLes dessous d’une présidentielle insensée

  • Nombre de pages : 300 pages
  • Date de parution : 10/05/2017
  • EAN13 : 9782081395305

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Introduction inquiète

à la Macron Economie

Introduction inquiète à la macro-économie————————————–

Les Macron


 

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Macron par Macron

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Three articles not to be missed this week

Three articles not to be missed this week

” 7 Novels that Explore the Complexity of Modern France “

Calais –Holding by a Thread

https://wordpress.com/post/jwadier2.wordpress.com

Présidentielle. La victoire d’Emmanuel Macron à la une de la presse étrangère … via

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#MustRead –” Once a Lace Capital, Now Riven by French Politics “#calais

Superfine lace is made on antique Leavers looms at the Noyon Dentelle factory in Calais. Noyon is one of the few French lace makers remaining after globalization battered the industry. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

CALAIS, France — The clang of giant weaving looms ricocheted across a cavernous factory one recent afternoon at Desseilles Laces, one of the oldest lace makers in France. A handful of workers flitted among the machines, guiding gossamer threads into a floral confection destined for luxury lingerie and couture dresses.

The halls here, and at hundreds of lace factories around Calais, were once thick with employees. But as competition from countries with cheaper labor costs buffeted France, waves of layoffs swept through this working-class town on the edge of the English Channel.

Today, fewer than 300 employees remain at just three factories — Desseilles, Noyon Dentelle and Codentel — a fraction of the 30,000 whose livelihood depended on lace less than two generations ago. Around Calais, the hulking brick skeletons of abandoned lace factories cast shadows over modest, low-slung houses. And Desseilles was recently taken over by a Chinese investor, drawing laments that a crown jewel of the industry had fallen into foreign hands.

It has been a painful retreat for an industry whose delicate creations symbolized “Made in France” know-how, an economic pattern repeated across the country and one of the most divisive issues in the presidential election.

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Fewer than 300 artisans make their livelihood in Calais from French lace, down from over 30,000 three decades ago. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

From steel mills to auto factories, the loss of hundreds of thousands of jobs to globalization has created social distress — and competing visions from the candidates about how to fix it. France’s rigid labor laws, despite recent reforms, add a layer of complexity by making it difficult for companies to adjust to a shifting economy.

In ravaged industrial areas like Calais, anger about the impact of globalization is fierce, as unemployment tops 20 percent and the remaining factory floors rely more heavily on machinery than manpower.

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The forces of globalization, like the job losses at Noyon, have become a focal point of the French presidential campaign. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

The far-right firebrand Marine Le Pen won big in last Sunday’s presidential runoff in such locales. Her pledges to revive industry in France, impose “intelligent” protectionism and roll back harmful European policies have found a ripe audience.

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And while Emmanuel Macron, the liberal former economy minister, is expected to win on May 7, France’s blue-collar bastions may yet prove a liability. His vows to create jobs by keeping France open to global competition and easing labor rules must win over disenchanted workers who have seen incomes and job security erode.

“Marine Le Pen says this election is about the patriots versus the globalists,” said Famke Krumbmüller, the head of research at OpenCitiz, a political risk consultancy in Paris. “She’s right: The new cleavage opposes those who feel they have lost from globalization and want economic and national protectionism, versus those who think the answers to France’s problems also lie in European and international openness and cooperation.”

An Unraveling Dream

French lace has long been a symbol of refinement. After the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815, the French aristocracy drove demand for the luxurious adornments that were just starting to be produced in Calais. Today, superfine lace continues to embellish outfits of the elegant, whether as a cascade of sheer flowers on the Duchess of Cambridge’s wedding dress, or layered in couture gowns on catwalks around the world.

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The prestigious “Made in France” label guarantees quality, as seen in dresses on display at the Calais Lace Museum.CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Lace-making began to flourish here in the early 19th century, after three British weavers smuggled giant looms, called Leavers machines, across the English Channel to evade English restrictions on selling lace to the French.

They set up in the textile-making town of Calais. The new industry blossomed, and the metallic click of the Leavers looms vibrated in Calais’s narrow streets day and night. Some streets are named after leaders of an industry that ushered in jobs, prosperity and a cosmopolitan makeover that would sustain the town’s families for generations.

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The Rue Leavers in Calais, where some streets are named after leaders of an industry that once provided jobs and prosperity. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

The dream began to unravel around the 1960s. Factories still relied heavily on the antique Leavers looms, which were slow and required many employees. When more efficient lace-knitting machines were added, workers lost jobs.

Shifting fashion trends also affected demand, as women started wearing pants, plainer shirts and fewer dresses and undergarments trimmed with lace. More casual lifestyles took their toll on lace tablecloths and handkerchiefs.

In the ensuing decades, more jobs were lost as factories opened in Asia, cranking out lower-quality but passably pretty lace. Many of Desseilles’s clients shifted their buying away from Europe.

Labor costs were up to 15 times cheaper in Asia than in France, where employers also pay high taxes on salaries to fund the generous social welfare system. “A French person working 35 hours a week cost the same as 15 Chinese,” said Michel Machart, the head of MM Textile, a consultancy.

Then in 2005, the European Union abolished textile import quotas, allowing cheap garments — and knockoff lace — from Asia to flood the European market. It was the final blow.

Soon, only a few thousand of the 30,000 lace-related jobs that had existed 30 years earlier were left. The sound of Leavers machines gave way to silence as layoffs accelerated and factories were abandoned.

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Today, the hulking brick skeletons of abandoned lace factories cast shadows around town. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Unemployed lace workers in Calais went to nearby steel and paint factories, only to see them shutter, too.

Manufacturing in France in general has fallen from about 25 percent of the economy in the 1960s to around 10 percent today, putting millions of people out of work.

Ms. Le Pen has capitalized on the disenchantment. “The main thing at stake in this election is the rampant globalization that is endangering our civilization,” she told supporters last Sunday. She wants to pull France out of “harmful” European pacts and hold a referendum on membership in the European Union. Around Calais, which used to vote for the far left, Ms. Le Pen’s posters promise to “Bring Order Back to France.”

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Political posters are part of the streetscape in Calais. Placards for Marine Le Pen abound on some streets. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Mr. Macron, a former Rothschild banker, says that business-friendly policies and sticking with the European Union are the way to shield France from globalization’s threat.

“Globalization can be a great opportunity,” he said on the campaign trail. On Wednesday, he repeated his message at a Whirlpool factory destined for closure in his hometown, Amiens, after a visit by Ms. Le Pen. But in a stagnant economy with high unemployment, he was jeered by some workers, who blamed cheap competition for killing jobs.

On the Verge

At Noyon, executives tried to play the globalization game. In 2003, they opened a factory in Sri Lanka. Like Desseilles, Noyon was still making expensive Leavers lace for high-end lingerie clients, and hoped the production in Sri Lanka would improve margins.

It didn’t stop the bleeding. With around 800 workers in Calais, representing 60 percent of Noyon’s costs, revenue kept eroding.

Noyon laid off hundreds of employees, many of whom had spent their lives in the factories. “It hit all types of workers,” said Henri-Philippe Durlet, the general director of Noyon. “It was people who designed patterns, threaded bobbins, cut lace, maintained the machines, as well as drivers and customs officers who had less to inspect.”

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Henri-Philippe Durlet, the general director of Noyon, battled to save the company, including opening a factory in Sri Lanka to offset French production costs.CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

As losses mounted, Noyon filed for bankruptcy last September and was on the verge of closing until a group of French lingerie makers swooped in to invest, wanting to protect their high-quality supply. Today, with just 170 employees, it is the largest lace factory in town.

The only way it can keep a competitive edge, Mr. Durlet said, is by maintaining the exquisite design and quality of French lace that artisans have perfected for decades.

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A lace artist with decades of experience sketches patterns by hand. The designs are sometimes copied by factories in Asia. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Desseilles faced a similar fate, exacerbated by French labor laws. In 2011, facing what Michel Berrier, an owner, called “catastrophic losses,” Desseilles went into receivership to shed nine of its remaining 74 workers in a bid to survive.

But five employees, among them protected union leaders, sued to be reinstated. In 2015, a court ordered Desseilles to rehire them with back pay and damages, a cost of nearly one million euros. With debts of €600,000, it was money Desseilles did not have.

The company was forced into bankruptcy. “Globalization isn’t the only reason we ran into trouble,” said Mr. Berrier, surveying his near-empty factory floor. “The French labor laws put the last nail in the coffin.”

Ms. Le Pen’s National Front party issued a news release blaming cheap Chinese competition and the French labor code for endangering Desseilles.

Yet it was a Chinese investor, Hangzhou Yongsheng Group, that rescued the company, acquiring it in 2016.

Since then, Yongsheng, which runs textile and investing companies in Asia, has increased productivity, installing a bright new LED system that allows employees to easily identify flaws, and grouping Leavers machines closer together so that one employee can work several looms at once. Yongsheng also added new looms, and linked employee pay to production.

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Modern lace machines installed by a new Chinese investor at the Desseilles Laces factory help improve margins. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

“‘Made in France’ matters — the expertise is here,” said Cloris Li, Yongsheng’s manager in France, who wants to start an Asian luxury label using French-made lace. “I hope I can bring a brighter future to Desseilles.”

With the factory humming again, Mr. Berrier hired five new employees, and hopes to obtain seven more.

Even there, the French system can provide disincentives. When he tried to hire a lace maker whom Noyon had laid off, he said, the man told him he was collecting so much of his old salary through unemployment, he saw no point in working.

Disappearing Jobs

The last of the lace makers are relieved to have jobs, but many are nostalgic for the days when French lace was king. Most have family ties to the factories that go back for generations.

“I learned how to string a bobbin when I was 11,” said Sonia Rengot, 47, a lace maker at Noyon for over 30 years. “Everyone in Calais had someone in the business.”

Today, when she walks around town, she can tell just by looking in a shop window whether the lace on a dress was made in Asia or in Calais.

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Lingerie sellers like Victoria’s Secret use lace made in Asia. Garments made with the finest quality French lace are easily distinguishable. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Jean-Philippe Lenclos, 50, has worked the lace machines at Desseilles for 30 years. “We’ve seen our colleagues leave one after another,” he said. “I’m the last one: My three children are teenagers, but none of them wants to do what their father is doing.” He added that the younger generation has grown up hearing only about layoffs.

Even as they hope the factories will stay afloat, the lace makers seem aware that the damage to France’s lace industry — and to other manufacturers around the country — is permanent. On the streets of Calais, no one really expects the factories to return.

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In Calais, few think either presidential contender will be able to bring jobs back or reverse France’s industrial decline. CreditDmitry Kostyukov for The New York Times

Mr. Durlet, the Noyon executive, does not think either of the presidential contenders is capable of reversing France’s industrial decline. Not Mr. Macron, with his pledges of keeping France open to globalization. Not Ms. Le Pen, with her vision of hard protectionism.

“She talks about closing borders, but what will that serve?” Mr. Durlet asked. “Nothing. ”

But for some on the factory floor, Ms. Le Pen’s promises have struck a chord.

“People are so disappointed that they will go vote for Marine Le Pen out of frustration,” said Renato Fragoli, a 23-year Desseilles veteran who led an employee group called the Forgotten, which backed Yongsheng’s bid to keep the factory from closing.

“It’s truly sad,” said Mr. Fragoli, recalling the scores of longtime workers who left the factory amid waves of layoffs. “But I can understand them. The jobs have disappeared.”

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